A phonetic language means that the written words have same
pronunciation. But it is not in the case of English. It is not a
Phonetic language. It has no relation in spellings and
pronunciation of the word. Often we observe that the pronunciation is
beyond our expectations. There are several rules for a single character
to pronounce in certain circumstances. But we cannot also predict even
then, there may a pronunciation exist which we cannot even think about.
The thing that the spellings and sound patterns of English words is
different, makes it one of the difficult languages of the world. So
what we have to do then?
If we want to learn Spoken English we should concentrate then on pronunciation. Just forget the spellings and try to learn the sounds. e.g. There are seven sounds for a spelling combination "oug"
1. though (like o in go)
2. through (like oo in too)
3. cough (like off in offer)
4. rough (like uff in suffer)
5. plough (like ow in flower)
6. ought (like aw in saw)
7. borough (like a in above)
Another combination 'ght'
right (rite no /g/ and /h/ sounds)
There are some other examples also where the combination is same but
pronunciation is different in each case.
As:: We read.(ri:d)
We had read.(red)
Some more examples::
1. As use (/z/ instead of /s/ so uze)
2. As but (/ɘ/ instead of /ʊ/ so /bɘt/
3. As year (ear no /y/)
4. As guide (/gɘi:d/ no /u:/ or /ʊ/)
5. As up (/ʌp/ no /u:/ or /ʊ/ sounds)